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雅思聽力口語(BBC)聽抄訓練 - 美國參議院授權對敘利亞動武
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喬納森·伊澤德為你播報BBC新聞。

美國有影響力的參議院委員會授權就化學武器使用對敘利亞動武,眾議院委員會也在討論類似的提議。簡·奧布萊恩報導。

奧巴馬政府原以為軍事行動很難通過批准,今天參議院外交關係委員會成員的初步投票已經結束,以107的比例通過。不過這只是第一道障礙,該決議授權總統對敘利亞採取60天的軍事行動,但前提是要保證不將美軍參與地面戰鬥,如今參議院已全體投票。

法國國民議會對可能的軍事干預進行辯論,國務卿約翰·克裡告訴參議院委員會,與對阿薩德政府進行干預相比,不行動會導致更大的風險。

我們知道,阿薩德會將我們的沉默、我們不願採取行動的想法理解為他可以不受懲罰地動武的信號。

奧巴馬總統說,國際社會和美國國會的信譽全在於對敘利亞的化武的反應這件事上。奧巴馬在訪問瑞典時說,不僅是他,全世界都通過禁止此類武器畫了一條紅線,他警告說,不作為會破壞國際規定。

當代表全世界98%人口的各國政府說,使用化武是不能容忍的,並通過協議進行其使用,全世界就已經設定了紅線,即使是在戰爭時。他說將繼續與俄羅斯進行磋商,稱將改變俄羅斯對敘利亞的態度,稱如果俄羅斯參與進來,那麼這場危機就會更快結束。

敘利亞的四個鄰國收到200萬敘利亞難民,他們對所得到的幫助甚少感到挫折和失望。在聯合國和日內瓦舉行會議後,約旦、黎巴嫩、伊拉克和土耳其的政府部長們表示將決定對國際社會施壓,要求國際社會在解決難民危機方面做出更多努力,他們稱這場危機導致整個地區的不穩定。歐盟民政事務專員瑪爾姆斯特倫呼籲歐洲各國接納目前抵達歐洲的5萬多名敘利亞難民。

奧地利只提供了500個地點,德國在夏天之前就提供了5000個,但許多國家一個都沒有提供,我想歐洲有責任給鄰居提供幫助,不僅今天要提供庇護,以後也要。

梵蒂岡駐多明尼加共和國大使被當地媒體報導有戀童癖,於是梵蒂岡就將他召回並進行調查。大主教Jozef Wesolowski五年多來一直在聖多明哥擔任教廷大使,他尚未對此事發表意見。法蘭西斯教皇說希望天主教堂堅決反對牧師虐童事件,並確保罪犯得到懲治。

BBC新聞。

德國總統約阿希姆·高克訪問二戰期間被納粹佔領的法國地區的一個地點,這是德國領導人首次訪問此地。19447月,在格拉訥河畔奧拉杜爾西南部的這座城鎮裡,帝國師成員將人們趕進建築物然後放火焚燒,導致640多人死亡。高克與總統弗朗索瓦·奧朗德站在一起,他說這是一次讓人動容的經歷。

這場罪行是德國指揮下的士兵犯下的,因此不管時間過去了多久,對於每個德國人來說,來這裡都是艱難的任務。

美國俄亥俄州一位驗屍官稱,將三名婦女綁架近十年並將之作為性奴來虐待的男子阿里爾·卡斯楚已經自殺。他在牢房裡用床單懸樑自盡,一個月前他被判終身監禁。卡斯楚一直處於保護性監禁,監獄每半小時檢查一次。他的律師說監獄當局曾拒絕給他提供心理醫生。

美國研究人員稱發現逆轉新生小白鼠唐氏綜合症的辦法。科學家在雜誌《科學轉化醫學》上撰文,稱通過給轉基因白鼠注射實驗複方藥物,就能使大腦正常發育。唐氏綜合症是由額外染色體導致的,與智慧缺陷、發育延遲和獨特的面部特徵有關。美國約翰霍普金斯大學的研究團隊稱這將會給人類帶來新的療法。

在國際奧會的會議上,日本代表團在申請東京舉辦2020年夏季奧運會,馬德里和伊斯坦布爾也是參選者。日本必須解決有關福島核電站輻射水洩露的問題,日本申請團負責人稱東京的食物和水比紐約、巴黎和倫敦的都安全,因此無需擔憂。

BBC新聞。

BBC News with Jonathan Izard

An influential US senate committee has authorized military action over the use of chemical weapons in Syria. A similar motion is been discussed by a committee of the House of representatives. Jane O'Brien reports.

The Obama administration expected military action to be a tough sell. And today's initial vote by members of the Senate's Foreign Relations Committee was close, passing by 10 votes to 7. This is only the first hurdle though. The resolution granting the president’s 60 days to use force against Syria with a guarantee that American troops won't be used in ground combat now goes to the full senate.

A possible military intervention has also been debated in the French national assembly. The Secretary of State John Kerry told the Senate Committee that inaction involved much greater risks than intervening against the government of President Assad.

“We know that Assad will read our silence, our unwillingness to act, as a signal that he can use his weapons with impunity.”

And President Obama has said the credibility of the international community and the US Congress is on the line over the use of chemical weapons in Syria. Speaking during a visit to Sweden, Mr. Obama said, not just he, but the entire world had drawn a red line by banning such weapons and warned that inaction would erode international norms.

The world set a red line when governments represent 98% of the world's population said the use of chemical weapons are abhorrent and passed a treaty forbidding their use, even when countries are engaged in war. He said that he would continue to engage with Russia and saying it could still change its approach over Syria and the crisis would be ended more quickly if Russia was on board.

Four of Syria's neighbors have expressed their frustration and dismay of the lack of the help they’re receiving for the two million Syrian refugees who've fled to their countries. After a meeting at the UN and Geneva, government ministers from Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq and Turkey said they would determine to put pressure on the international community to do more to tackle the refugee crisis, which they said was destabilizing the entire region. Cecilia Malmstrom, the European commissioner for Home Affairs called on European countries to take in more than the 50,000 Syrian refugees who have arrived so far.

Austria have just offered 500 places, and Germany offered 5,000 just before the summer, well, but many countries do not take one single, and I think this is an European responsibility to our neighborhood and we could give shelter to allow extended than today.

The Vatican has recalled its ambassador to the Dominican Republic and launched an investigation after local media reports accused him of pedophilia. Archbishop Jozef Wesolowski has served as Papal Nuncio in Santo Domingo for more than five years. He had not commented on the matter. Pope Francis has said he wants the Catholic Church to act decisively to rule out child abuse by priests and ensure the perpetrators are punished.

BBC News

The German President Joachim Gauck has paid the first visit by a German leader to the site of one of the worst massacres in Nazi occupied France during the Second World War. In June, 1944, more than 640 people died in the southwestern town of Oradour-sur-Glane when members of a SS division drove the population into buildings before setting them alight. Standing alongside the President Francois Hollande, Mr. Gauck said it was an emotional experience.

The crime here that was committed was perpetrated by soldiers under German command. Consequently it is for every German a tough task to come here, regardless of how much time has passed.

A coroner in the American state of Ohio has confirmed that Ariel Castro, the man who kidnapped three women and held them as sex slaves for nearly a decade has committed suicide. He hanged himself with a bedsheet in his prison cell after just one month of his life sentence. Castro had been in protective custody and was checked every half hour. His lawyer said the prison authorities had denied him access to a psychologist.

Researchers in the US say they’ve found a way to reverse down syndrome in newborn mice. Writing in the Journal Science Translation Medicine, the scientist said that by injecting an experimental compound into genetically engineered mice, they were able to prompt the brain to develop normally. Down syndrome is caused by the presence of an additional chromosome and is associated with intellectual disabilities, growth delays and distinctive facial features. The team at Johns Hopkins University said this might lead to new treatments for humans.

Japanese delegates at a meeting of the International Olympic Committee have been making the case for Tokyo to host the 2020 summer Olympic Games. Madrid and Istanbul are the other candidates. Japan has had to address concerns about a leak of radioactive water from the stricken Fukushima nuclear plant. The leader of Japan's bids said the water and food in Tokyo were safer than New York, Paris or London and there was no need to worry.

BBC News

世界各國語言網頁翻譯