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雅思聽力口語(CNN)聽抄訓練 - 美國政府關閉風險進入倒計時
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非常感謝Big Blue和那些漢密爾頓高中學生們今天的開場秀。

昨天,我們解釋了聯合國大會及本周將在紐約召開的年度會議。

領導人和來自世界各地的代表會來到聯合國總部。

他們都會在大會發表關於他們認為值得聯合國注意的問題講話。

奧巴馬總統昨天早上發表講話。

這是總統作為美國首席外交官代表國家對國際問題的角色。

奧巴馬總統談到了在敘利亞的內戰,在美國和海外最近的經濟局勢。

他還集中於伊朗問題。

在昨天的節目我們討論了數十年來美伊之間的緊張關係。

在他的演講中,奧巴馬總統談到了國家找到共同點的可能性。

擺在眼前的障礙可能有很多。

但我堅信,絕對需要歷經坎坷才會築成平坦的外交之路。

從所有的現況我們只會加深伊朗的隔離。

伊朗走上一條不同道路的真正承諾將有利於本地區和世界。

而我們將在商業、文化、科學和教育上幫助伊朗人民滿足他們非凡的潛力。

接下來是需要瞭解美國政府可能關閉的5件事情。

其一,由國會和總統作出決定。

國會有通過支出法案資助美國政府的職能。

而總統簽署議案使其具有法律效力。

政府的財政年度從下周開始,這就是為什麼最後期限是101日。

其二,奧巴馬總統的醫療改革法案:即平價醫保法或奧巴馬醫改的因素。

最近的民意調查顯示公眾對於奧巴馬醫改的支持正在減弱。

共和黨領導的眾議院投票為政府提供資金,但前提是撤資衛生法,有效的將總統的醫改扼殺。

無論是參議院和總統都不會支持。

因此,有人將不得不妥協于奧巴馬醫改以避免政府關閉。

其三,這不是第一次政府關閉。

最後2次是在上世紀90年代,其中一個持續了21天。

這是美國歷史上最長的關閉。

其四,是很多美國人,儘管也許不是每個人都曾留意。

一些政府工作人員將被迫休假,被迫無薪休假。

數百萬人的假期計畫將被迫改變,因為像史密森這樣的國家公園和博物館將被迫關閉,而美國人民直到關閉結束才能獲得護照或某些政府貸款,

必不可少的政府工作者們,軍隊、聯邦調查局、空中交通控制、TSA,他們會繼續工作。

政府醫療保險、醫療保險或醫療補助對那些需要的人將仍然存在。

而且你仍然得到蝸牛郵件。郵政交貨不會改變。

最後第五點是經濟影響。

這實際上取決於關閉會持續多久:幾天可能不會造成太大影響。

但幾周可能削弱國內生產總值,使經濟變得脆弱,可能造成致命傷。

現在肯雅的事件有了最新進展。

我們已經報導在首都城市奈洛比購物中心的恐怖襲擊。

昨天,肯雅總統表示安全部隊已經對此感到羞愧並且已經打敗了槍手。

這一切都始於上週六在韋斯特蓋特購物中心的襲擊。

阿爾沙巴布表示是自己所為。

這是一個總部位於肯雅鄰國之一索馬里的恐怖集團。

這次襲擊變成了一個僵局。

然後是昨天,安全部隊表示他們對整個商場進行了最後清理。

肯雅總統稱內部三層坍塌,雖然他沒有解釋是什麼原因導致。

他稱這個國家沾滿血跡,但卻從不屈服。

看你能不能認出我。

我是一個成立於1900年初的美國機構。

我有超過1000個成員,主要是學院和大學。

我的主席是馬克·艾摩特,而我的總部位於印弟安納波里斯。

我就是全國大學生體育協會,我負責大學體育規則的創建和執行。

Big thanks to Big Blue and to those students at Hamilton High for getting a starter today.

Yesterday, we explained a little bit about the United Nations General Assembly, it's annual meeting that's happening this week in New York City.

Leaders and representatives from around the world have come to the United Nations headquarters.

They all get to make speeches to the General Assembly about issues they think deserve the U.N.'s attention.

President Obama spoke yesterday morning.

This is part of a president's role as America's chief diplomat, speaking on behalf of the country about international issues.

President Obama talked about the civil war in Syria, the recent economic struggles in the U.S. and overseas.

He also focused on Iran.

In yesterday's show we discussed the decades of tension between the U.S. and Iran.

In his speech, President Obama talked about the possibility of the countries finding common ground.

The roadblocks may prove to be too great.

But I firmly believe the diplomatic path must be tested.

From all the status quo we'll only deepen Iran' isolation.

Iran's genuine commitment to go down a different path will be good for the region and the world.

And we'll help the Iranian people meet their extraordinary potential in commerce, in culture, in science and education.

Here are five things to know about a possible U.S. government shutdown.

Number one, it's up to Congress and the president to work this out.

Congress has the job of passing spending bills that fund the U.S. government.

And the president signs those bills in the law.

The government's financial year starts now next week, that's why the deadline is October 1st.

Two, President Obama's health care reform law: the Affordable Care Act or Obamacare factors in.

Recent polls indicate public support for Obamacare is weakening.

The Republican-led House of Representatives has voted to fund the government, but only if the health law is defunded, effectively killed.

Neither the Democratic-led Senate nor the president will go for that.

So, someone will have to compromise on Obamacare to avoid a shutdown.

Three, this wouldn't be the first time the government has shut down.

The last two times were in the 1990s, one of them lasting 21 days.

It was the longest shutdown in American history.

Four, many Americans, though, maybe not everyone would notice.

Some government workers would be furloughed, forced to take time off without pay.

Vacation plans for millions would change because national parks and museums like the Smithsonian would be closed, and Americans wouldn't be able to get passports or certain government loans until the shutdown ended.

The government workers considered essential, the military, the FBI, air traffic control, the TSA, they'll all stay on duty.

Government medical coverage, Medicare or Medicaid would still be there for those who need it.

And you'll still get snail mail. Postal delivery wouldn't change.

Five, the economic impact.

It really depends on how long a shutdown would last: a few days likely wouldn't have much impact.

But a few weeks could make a dent in gross domestic product, and in a fragile economy, that could hurt.

An update for you now from Kenya.

We've been reporting on a terrorist attack at the shopping mall in the nation's capital city of Nairobi.

Yesterday, Kenya's president said security forces had ashamed and defeated the gunmen.

This all started on Saturday with the attack on the Westgate shopping mall.

Al Shabab said it was responsible.

This is a terrorist group based in Somalia, one of Kenya's neighboring countries.

The attack turned into a standoff.

Then yesterday, security forces said they were making final sweeps through the mall.

Kenya's president said three floors inside had collapsed, although he didn't explain what caused that.

He described the country as bloodied, but unbowed.

See if you can I.D. me.

I'm an American organization that was founded in the early 1900.

I have more than 1,000 members, mostly colleges and universities.

My president is Mark Emmert, and my headquarters is in Indianapolis.

I'm the NCAA, and I'm responsible for creating and enforcing rules for college athletics.

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