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  • 多益top1名師 陳蕙,旋元佑,文喬,莫平所領軍 多益.托福.雅思.英檢學習網,推薦課程有文法,單字,閱讀,聽力,口說,寫作,企業內部特訓,高分秘訣等教材 助您輕鬆應對考試 
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  • 英檢top1名師 陳蕙,旋元佑,文喬,莫平所領軍 多益.托福.雅思.英檢學習網,推薦課程有文法,單字,閱讀,聽力,口說,寫作,企業內部特訓,高分秘訣等教材 助您輕鬆應對考試 
 本網站由多益名師陳蕙,旋元佑,文喬,莫平四大天王所領軍  長久以來,在英文補習界掀起一陣『實力派』的旋風,完全取代其他補習班雜亂無章的講義猜題教學,締造眾多學員傲人的成績也是其他補習班遠所不及  絕對不是僥倖或廣告,而是口碑不斷流傳的自然結果,多益的教學成績是這個好口碑的最基本證據,也是學生前途的最佳保障。 
新聞詳情
多益題庫下載 - 多益單字書 (New TOEIC voc)
瀏覽數:1959

多  益  單  字  必  備  秘  笈


clerk    [hpPh]     (n) 辦事員;書記

She was offered a job as an accountant clerk with atravel firm.

有一間旅行社聘用她當會計。

㊣  Learning Tips

travel firm 指的是「旅行社

還有另外一個單字和旅行社有關,那就是「旅行待辦處」

它的英文叫做 travel agency [tTgYQnka] (  這個字一定要記得,常用又常考!)


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accountant    [QthANnfQnf] 指的「會計會計人員這個字尾的ant   是一 個很常用的字尾唷!

這麼說各位可能聽不懂,不如我們來舉一個例子吧!

      -ant

assistant    [QtkakfQnf]    (n) 助手;助理

He worked asanassistant to the President.

他當過總統助理。


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directory [gQtqUhfQqa]    (n) 人名住址簿

a telephone directory 電話簿

If you need to speak to him, you can use the office directory and look up hispersonal extension. 如果你需要跟他談的話,你可以用辦公室裡的名冊查出他私人的分機號碼。


㊣  Learning Tips

look  這個字非常的實用,當它和不同的介係詞放在一起的時候,就變成了另外一個意思的片語嚕!

來看個例子吧:

look up

If you don't know a word, you can look it up in a dictionary.

如果你有不識的字,可以查字典。

look at

Look at the map, please.

請看這張地圖。

look for

She is looking for her lost child.

她正在尋找失去的孩子。

在這要請大家注意:千萬不要用 find 這個字, find通常是指「找到了」

例如:I found it. 我找到了。

所以 find 常常會以過去式出現。

然而,look for 指的是「尋找的過程」所以常常會看到用現在進行式出現

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duplicate [tgsbdpQhaf] (n) 複本.影印本 (n) 複製

Keep a duplicate of the letter.

保存一份信的副本。

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in-tray [fqT] (n) (辦公室中存放待處理的來函及來文等的) 收文盤,文件盤. The stack of paperwork in his in-tray resembled the Rocky Mountains. 他「待處理文件盒」裡面的文件.堆得跟落磯山脈一樣高!


㊣  Learning Tips

resemble [qatlUmex] (v) 像;類似

如果你厭倦一直用looklike 看起來像

He looks like hisbrother.他跟他哥長得很像。

那你可以多學一個expression(表達方式)

He resembles his brother. 他跟他哥長得很像。兩個句子都是相同的意思,但是如果用resemble 就顯得更有學問嚕!

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out-tray (n) (辦公室中存放已處理或待發文件的)發文(存放)

I will leavethat file in my out-trayon my desk, and you can come pickit up anytime. 我會把那份文件留在我桌上的「已處理文件盒」中,你任何時間都可以來拿。

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partition  [dFqtfaXQn] (n) 分隔物;分隔

Folding partitions separated the living and dining areas.

摺疊式的隔板將起居和吃飯的地方分開。

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postage [tdckfagY] (n) 郵資費

How much is required for small packages to be sent toTaiwan? 寄一個小包裹到台灣郵資費要多少?

wordimg3.gifpunctuality [udSVhfXNt@pQfa] (n) 守時;準時

Punctuality and a concise delivery are reallyimportant when you are giving a presentation.

在陳述報告時準時以及簡單扼要是非常重要的。

㊣  Learning Tip

punctuality 意思是守時,但是呢,它還有名詞的型式也是常考的唷!那就是,punctual [tdSVhfXNQp] (a) 守時的


He is always very punctual.

他總是非常準時。

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shift [Xaif] (n) 換班;輪班;值班

They often heardJohn complain abouthaving to workthe graveyard shift.

他們常聽到約翰抱怨自己必須上大夜班。

㊣  Learning Tipshift這個單字在辦公室英文常用 也是商業英文的基本單字~!

另外例句中提到的 graveyard shift   是指"大夜班" 的意思~!

graveyard    [tvqTjusFqg] 如果去查字典~ "墓地" 的意思~! 所以只要想著~! 上大夜班每天熬夜~!

就像是一投栽進去墳墓一樣~! 要人命押~!!!


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strike [kfqAah] (n) 罷工

The coal miners struck for better safety conditions.煤礦工人罷工要求改善安全狀況。


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assignment [QtkAanmQnf] (n) 工作;功課作業;分配;分派 She gladly accepted theassignment.

她高興地接下任務。

The English assignment is a book report.

英語課外作業是寫一份讀書報告。

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bulletin [teNpQfan] (n) 公報;告示;定期報告

Here is the latest bulletin about the President'shealth.

這裡是有關總統健康的最新公報。


㊣  Learning Tipbulletin大家都已經知道是公佈欄的意思拉! 但是,我們平常上網用的BBS全文大家知道嗎?

=Bulletin Board System 電子佈告欄系

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collaboration [hQup@eQtqTXQn (n) 共同合作

The credit for our companys success goes to all of our five managers and theircollaboration on the project. 我們公司的成功要歸功於我們五個經理和他們在這個專案上面的合作。

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curriculum [hQtqahsQpQm]   vitae 【源自拉丁文】= resume (n) 履歷表 Would you please submit a curriculum vitae,outlining all previous work experiences and educational background? 是否能你提交一份履歷,說明一下你先前的工作經驗和教育程度。

㊣  Learning Tip

其實resume 和 curriculum vitae 是一樣的東西,但是TOEIC考試就很討厭 會故意把一樣的字放在不同的地方,例如說:考試會把resume放在閱讀測驗中但是測驗的選擇題裡面卻是用curriculum vitae 來混淆視聽,所以大家不得 注意押!

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eligible [tUpagYQex] (a) 適合的

Hes noteligible for this promotion. 他沒有資格獲得這次的升遷。

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employer  [amtdpOaR] (n) 雇主

My duty as an employeris to be fair, honestand provide a work environment that fosters challenge and growth. 我身為雇主的職責就是要公平、誠實並提供一個有挑戰性和鼓勵成長的工作環


境。

㊣  Learning Tip

foster [tiOkfR] 如果去查字典的話,是指「教養的;收養的」當形容詞用。

There are three foster children in our home.

我們家有三個領養的孩子。

foster family 寄養家foster father foster mother

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executive [avtlUhsNfaj] (n) 行政或管理人員

CEO  = chief executive officer 首席執行

The President of the U.S. isthe chief executive.

美國總統是最高行政官

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income [tanuhSm] (n) 所得收入

People on fixed incomes are hurt by price increases.

收入固定的人受物價上漲之害最深。

㊣  Learning Tip

fix 除了有「修理;修復」的意思以外,還有固定、固定的..等多種意思唷! 現在就讓我們一起來看看有哪些用法吧:

1. fix (v) 修理;修

Wehave to fix our problem as soon so possible. 我們必須盡快解決我們之間的問題,越快越好。

2. fix (v)

Her eyesfixed for a few minutes.

好幾分鐘她的眼睛一動也不動。

3. fixed (a) 固定的;不變

The tablesare firmly fixed to the floor.

這些桌子被牢牢地固定在地上。


layoff    [tpTuOi] (n) 解雇 (暫時的)

The company is going to layoff almost 20% of their employees.

公司將要遣散近百分之20的員工。


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occupation [uFhsQtdTXQn] (n) 職業

Being a teacher ismychosen occupation.

當老師是我所選擇的職業。


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part-time (a) 兼職的

Many college students find it advantageous to find a part-time job to help pay thebills.

許多大學生認為找一份打工來是有好處的,因為可以幫她們付一些帳單。


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promote     [dqQtmcf] (v) 升遷

He certainly ought to be promoted.

他應該要晉升。


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promotion [dqQtmcXQn] (n) 推銷運動;升遷

They're planning a big promotion for their new washing powder.

他們正籌劃舉辦一次新款式洗衣粉的大促銷行動。


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salary [tk@pQqa] (n) 薪水


He finally got a job in a company paying good salaries.

他終於在一家薪水高的公司裡找到一份工作。

㊣  Learning Tip

除了salary之外,另外一個多益常考的單字大家一定也要記起來唷!

paycheck [tdTufXUh](n) 付薪水的支票;薪津


wordimg3.gif

appoint   [QtdOanf] (v) 任命;指

He appointed Williams ashisdeputy in the city of York.

他任命威廉斯作為他在約克市的代理人。


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benefit [teUnQiaf] (v) 受益;有益於

The new hospital will be a great benefit to the town.

新建成的醫院將給全城帶來莫大好處。


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candidate [th@ngQgTf] (n) 候選人;求職的候選人

They were in favor of the Democratic candidate for President.

他們支持民主黨總統候選人。

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deadline [tgUgupAan] (n) 截止期限;最後期限

Can they finish thisbefore the deadline?

他們能不能在最後期限之前完成這項工作?


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employee     [uUmdpOat`] (n) 受雇者;員工

The firm has 1000 employees.

這家公司有一千名員工。


document [tgFhsQmQnf] (n) 文件;證件

She carefully filed all the documents.

她將全部文件仔細地整理歸檔。


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extension [ahtkfUnXQn] (n) 電話的分機

For further information, please call 2356-8975, extension 125. 如需進一步洽詢,請播2356-8975,分機125。

㊣  Learning Tip

extension 大家都知道「電話分機的意但是還有另外幾個意您不可不知唷!

extension (n) 伸展;伸長;擴大;延

The extension of our foreign trade

擴大我們的對外貿易。


We had hoped for the extension of the deadline to the end of the week.

我們曾希望把最後期限延至週末。

除此之外,還有2個單字長得跟extension很像,那就是:

extend   [ahtkfUng] (v) 延長;延伸;擴

Can't you extend your visit for a few days?

你們訪問的時間不能延長幾天嗎?

extended (a) 延長的;擴展的;廣大廣泛

extended family 大家庭(尤指三代以上同堂者)


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operator (n) 接線生;總機

If you know the extension of the partyyou wish to reach, dialit now or wait on the line for operatorassistance. 如果您知道分機號碼請直播,或是稍後由總機為您服務。


printed matter (n) 印刷品

Please check all the letterswith printed matter on them as we can get a better rate for them at the postoffice. 請把註明印刷品的信件找出來,因為我們可以在郵局用比較低的郵資寄送。

㊣  Learning Tip

matter  [tm@fR]   這個字很妙!一字多義,商用英文也常常看到,有時候得不紮實然後考試又故意使用「障眼法」的話,那就讓你哭笑不得拉!

廢話不多說,我們一起來看看matter這個字到底有什麼意思吧!

1. matter (n) 問題;事情;事

It was a matter of life and death for them.

這事對他們來說是生死攸關。

2. matter (n) 毛病;麻

There's something the matter with this car.

這輛汽車有點毛病。

3. matter 當作「動」用時,意思是「關係;要緊」(常用於否定和疑句)

All these things do not matter now.

所有這一切現在都無關緊要了。

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receptionist [qatkUdXQnakf] (n) 接待員

He told the receptionist to hold all the calls untilafter the meeting. 他交代接待員在會議結束之前不接任何電話。

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xerox [tlaqFhk] (v) 影印

You dont need tocopy the entire book by hand;just xerox it. 你不需要用手抄寫整本書,只要用影印的就好啦!

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allocate [t@pQuhTf] (v) 為了某種用途 撥出;分配;配置

It would be best if we couldtake the extrafunds and allocatethem evenly among all thedifferent divisions.


如果我們可以把這些額外的資金平均分配給不同部門那就在好不過了。

wordimg3.gif

applicant [t@dpQhQnf] (n) 申請人


There were five applicants for the position.

有五人申請那個職務。

㊣  Learning Tip

除了applicant & applicant 之外,它們還有另一個字是相關聯的

那就是apply [QtdpAa] (v) 申請(用法是apply for something 申請

請看下列例句:

He hasapplied for a post in England.

他已申請在英國任職。

apply 還有另一個「敷塗上的意(用法跟上述不後面的介係詞要加to apply to something..抹上.塗上..東西

The nurse applied the ointment to the wound.

護士把藥膏敷到傷口上。

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application [u@dpQthTXQn] (n) 申請書

I made an application for a loan.

我申請一筆貸款。

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authority [Qt[OqQfa] (n) 官方;當局


The authoritiesdid not interfere with us.

當局不干涉我們。

㊣  Learning Tip

看到了嗎!「有關當局」 的英文叫做:the authorities.


authorize [tO[QuqAal] (v) 授權;委任;批准;許可

A senior member of the committee was authorized to act for the chairman during hisabsence.

主席不在時,授權委員會中的一位資深委員代理他的職務。

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bonus [tecnQk] (n) 紅利;額外津貼;獎金


The workersare expecting a large Christmas bonus.

工人們期待著在耶誕節得到一大筆獎金。

㊣  Learning Tip在這裡大家可以多學另外一個有關bonus的用法!那就是「年終獎金」的英文叫 year-end bonus annual bonus 要記起來唷!

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capability [uhTdQteapQfa] (n) 能力;才能

He has extraordinary capability to solve any problem.他有非凡的才能可以解決任何問題。

evaluation [auj@psNtTXQn] (n) 評估;估價


I attempted an honest evaluation of my own life.

我試圖如實地評價我自己的一生。

㊣  Learning Tip

動詞也要記得 evaluate [atj@psNuTf] (v) 估..的

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interview [tanfRujsb] (n) 面談;面試

Don't be late for your interview, or you won't get the job.

面試不要遲到,否則你就得不到工作了。


novice [tnFjak] (n) 新手;菜鳥

I'm a novice at bridge.

我是個橋牌新手。

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pension [tdUnXQn] (n) 養老金;退休金

She lived on a small pension.

她以一點退休金為生。

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personnel [udPkztUp] (n) 全體人員;人事部門;員工 (總稱)


All personnel of the company are eligible for the retirement plan.

公司所有員工都有資格參加這項退休計劃。

㊣  Learning Tippersonnel這個字在商業英文上非常的實用,在TOEIC的考試能見度更是高達 80%,所以不補充一些東西,真的是會對不起大家押!

公司部門大解讀:

l   Finance Dept.財務部

l   AccountingDept. 會計部

l   Marketing andSales  市場與銷售

l   PlanningDept. 企劃室

l   Administration  行政部 (簡稱 Admin.)

l   Legal Dept. 法務部

l   GeneralAffairs Dept. 總務部

l   PurchasingDept. 採購部

l   HumanResources Dept. 人力資源部 (簡稱 HR)

l   PublicRelations Dept. 公關部 (簡稱 PR)

l   EngineeringDept. 工程部

l   ProductionDept.  製造部

l   QualityControl Dept.  品管部

l   Research& Development Dept. 研發部 (簡稱 R&D)


* 公司名稱大解讀:

Headquarter

總公司,簡稱 HQ

Head Office

總公司

Branch Office

分公司

Company

公司

Corporation

公司

l   Firm 公司:通常Law Firm 律師事務所、Accounting Firm 會計師事務

所、consulting Firm 顧問公司會用Firm。

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resign [qatlAan] (v) 辭職


The general resigned his commission.

將軍辭去了他的職務。

㊣  Learning Tip

這裡要注意的是「辭 resign 」和「解 fire 」是不一樣的

例如; 主動離開公司叫做resign (自動提出辭呈);被動離開公司叫做fire (被 炒魷魚) ,一定要了解不同的用法,不單單只是為了考試而已唷!

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retire [qatfAaq] (v) 退休


Mr. Weller retired last month and now lives at his ease.

韋勒先生上個月退休了,現在過著悠閒的生活。

㊣  Learning Tip

上面例句有一個不錯學的單ease(聽常出英檢也有出現過的字!)

ease [`l] (n) 輕鬆;不費力;容易;悠閒;舒

Their team won the game with ease.

他們隊輕鬆地贏了那場比賽。

The retired couple lived a life of ease.

這對退休夫婦過著安逸的生活。

ease (v) 減輕;緩

The aspirin eased hisheadache.

阿斯匹靈減輕了他的頭痛。


at ease (v) 安心;自

The dentist soon put the small girl at ease.

牙醫很快使小女孩的情緒放鬆了。

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substitute [tkSekfQufsbf] (n) 代理人;替代品

Is saccharin a good substitute for sugar?

糖精是糖的良好替代品嗎?

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accrue [Qthqb] (v) 累積;增加

Interest accruesona daily basis.

按日生息。

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acute [Qthsbf] (a) 激烈的;劇烈的;嚴重的;急性的

She complained of acute painsinher chest.

她自訴胸部劇痛


It is urgent that the acute problem of air pollution in the city be solved.

該城市空氣污染這一嚴重問題急須解決。

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chronic [thqFnah] n慢性的;長期的


She'sdeveloped a chronic cough.

她的咳嗽已成了一種慢性病。

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proposition [udqFdQtlaXQn] (n) 提案;建議;計畫

That is a very attractive proposition, but hes still hesitant about investing anything.

這是一個很吸引人的計畫,但是他還是不敢輕易投資。


proposal [dqQtdclx] (n)提案;提議;求婚

There is controversy about a proposal to build a nuclear power station.

對於建議中的建設核電站一事存有爭議。


She has had a proposal.

已經有人向她求婚了。

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propose [dqQtdcl] (v) 建議;提議;求婚;打算

It was proposed we go to the station to meet our guests.

有人建議我們去車站接客人。


He proposed building a bridge acrossthis river.

他建議在這條河上搭一座橋。

He proposed a get-together thisweekend.

他建議本週末聚會。


Have you proposed to Ann?

你向安妮求婚了嗎?


They propose to begin tonight.

他們打算今晚開始。

㊣  Learning Tip

propose + to 上述介紹中,一共有兩種用法:

1. propose to someone 向某人求

Have you proposed to Ann?

2.propose to do something 打算要做某件事

They propose to begin tonight.

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rival [tqAajx] (n) 競爭對手;競爭者

They are rivalsfor the same office.

他們是爭奪同一個職位的敵手。


opponent [QtdcnQnf] (n) 對手:反對者

He easily defeated hisopponent in the election.

選舉中他輕易地擊敗了對手。

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subsidiary [kQetkagauUqa] (n) 子公司


The subsidiary isinFrance but the parent company is in America.

子公司在法國,但母公司在美國。

㊣  Learning Tip

注意到了嗎?母公司的英文叫 parent company

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agenda (n) 議程

According to todays agenda, we are supposedto talk aboutthe new project. 根據今日的議程,我們應該討論那項新企劃案。

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supposed to 可以;應該

You're not supposed to smoke in here.

你不可以在這兒抽煙。

You are supposed to be here. 你應該要在這裡的。

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balance [te@pQnk] (n) 餘額;差額

The balance on your account isUS$5.

你的帳戶上餘額為五美金。

wordimg3.gif


earnings [tPnaVl] (n) 所得;收入

Our companys earning pershare is 5 cents. 我們公司的美股所得是五毛。

earning per share 每股所real earning 實際所

Workers earnings are usually low. 工人的所得通常比較低。

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fine [iAan] (n) 罰金;

Double parking carries a heavy fine. 並排停車會被重罰。

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inherit [antoUqaf] (v) 繼承;遺傳

I have inherited a huge of fortune. 我繼承了一大筆財產。

I inherited my dads quirks. 我遺傳我爸的怪癖。

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package [td@hagY] (n) 包裹;一大筆的錢;整批的法案 The postman brought me a package.

郵差送來一個包裹。

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quarter [thrOqfR] (n) 四分之一;一季 Divide the apple into quarters.

把這蘋果分成四份。


We pay our rent at the end of each quarter.

我們於每個季度末付房租。

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bond [eFng] (n) 債券;公債

People are eager to buy government bonds.

人們急於購買政府公債。

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debt [gUf] (n) 債;債務 (看清楚音標唷,中間的t是不發音的!

He has a lot of old debtstomeet.

他有許多舊債要償付。


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deficit [tgUiakaf] (n) 赤字;虧損額

My account had a deficit over a hundred dollars.

我的帳戶中有超過100元的欠款。

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depreciation [gaudq`XatTXQn (n) 跌價;貶值

Severe inflation had led to a great depreciation in the value of that nationscurrency.

嚴重的通貨膨脹導致那個國家的貨幣大幅貶值。

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inflation [antipTXQn] (n) 通貨膨脹

The government did nothing to curb inflation.

政府沒有採取措施遏制通貨膨脹。

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currency [thPQnka] (n) 貨幣;通貨

The Japanese yen isone of the stronger currenciesinthe world.

日元是世界上較堅挺的貨幣之一。


wordimg3.gifdevaluation [ug`j@psNtTXQn (n) 貶值 (尤其指貨幣)

A crash in the Hong Kong stock market brought a devaluation of Asiancurrency across the board.

香港股市的崩盤導致整個亞洲貨幣全面貶值。

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deposit [gatdFlaf] (n) 存款;押金;保證

You must pay a deposit if you want to reserve the room.

你要預訂房間,就得先付定金。

㊣  Learning Tip

deposit 還有另外一個解釋,當作動詞用,是指「存錢」的意思。

He deposited 5,000 dollars in the bank.

他在銀行存了五千元。

學了存錢,當然還要學它的相反字,「領錢」的英文拉!

withdraw  (v)

He withdrew 5,000 dollars from the bank.

他在銀行存了五千元。

withdraw 本身意思很多也很豐富,在此一並介紹:

withdraw (v) 取回;提

    The government withdraws worn out money from use.

政府收回舊幣使之不再流通。 withdraw (v) 取消;撤回;離開;退出

    The motion waswithdrawn.

那項動議被撤銷了。

The motion was withdrawn.

那項動議被撤銷了。


另外在跟大家補充一下withdraw 動詞的三態很特別,必須記下來 以防考試時大家以為是新的生字而看不懂,那就太冤枉嚕!

withdraw à withdrew à withdrawn

---------------------------------------------------------

fluctuation [uipShfXNtTXQn] (n) 波動;起伏;漲

fluctuations in policy

政策變動


climatic fluctuations

氣候變化

All of last years fluctuations in the budget will no longerpose a problem as we revised our spending policies. 在修改支出政策之後,所有去年在預算上的波動將不在成為問題。

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gross [vqck] (a) 總共的;全部的;毛利的

His gross income is$50,000.

他的毛收入為五萬美元。

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overdraft  [tcjRugq@if]   (n) 透支;透支額Jennie noticed account had an overdraft.

珍妮發現自己的帳戶透支。

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profit [tdqFiaf] (n) 利潤;收益;營利

He made a profit of fifty thousand US dollars on his house.

他賣掉房子獲利五萬美元。


We gained a lot of profit from your advice.

我們從你的建議中獲益匪淺。


revenue [tqUjQunsb] (n) 收益;稅收

Tax revenues increased last year.

去年稅收增加了。

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representative  [qUdqatlUnfQfaj] (n) 代理人;代表者 I will send a representative to the negotiations.

我將會派代表參加談判。

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represent [uqUdqatlUnf] (v) 象徵;表示

The dove represents peace.

鴿子象徵和平。

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Stand for .. 代表象

The American flag stands for freedom and justice.

美國國旗代表自由及公平。


What do the lettersUNstand for?

字母UN代表什麼?

所以剛才的句子也可以改成:

The dove representspeace.

The dove stands for peace.


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symbolize [tkamexuAal] (n) 象徵;標誌

The dove symbolizes peace.

鴿子象徵和平。

㊣  Learning Tip有很多的英文可以來表達「代表;象徵;標誌」! 讓我們來重新整理一變吧!


首先:

 a sign of = stand for = symbolize= represent 「代表;象徵;標誌

The dove representspeace.

    The dove standsfor peace.

    The dove symbolizespeace.

    The dove is a sign of peace.

(鴿子象徵和平。)

看!換湯不換藥,通通都是同一個意思拉。

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segment  [tkUvmQnf] (n) 部分;部門

The company dominates thissegment of the market.

該公司控制了這一部分市場。

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endorse [antgOqk] (n) 背書;贊同;支持

She has already endorsed the check.

她已在這支票背書。


She has already endorsed the check.

她已在這支票背書。

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endorsement [antgOqkmQnf] (n) 背書;簽署;贊同;支持

Please sign your name in the space marked for endorsement.

請在標明簽署的地方簽名。


After the endorsement of hishome state the candidate campaigned in the neighboringstates.

得到了本州的支持後,這個競選者就到鄰州遊說去了。


endorser [antgOqkR] (n) 背書人;轉讓人

Do you know who istobe his endorser?

你知不知道他的轉讓人將是誰?

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option [tFdXQn] (n) 選擇

Only two marketing companies can handle our account, so we have fewoptions.

僅有兩家行銷公司能處理我們的案子,所以我們的選擇有限。

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estimate [tUkfQumTf] (n) 評估;估價

Our estimates show that the economy will grow by two percentthis year. 我們的評估顯示今年經濟將會成長百分之二。

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estimation [uUkfQtmTXQn] (n) 評價;判斷;計算;預算;估計

In my estimation, the applicant is well qualified for thisjob.

據我看,這位應徵者完全具備這項工作的條件。


He is equal to the job in my estimation.

據我看,他能勝任這項工作。


His estimation of their arrival time wasnot far off.

他對他們到達時間的估計基本準確。

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bargain [teFqvan]    for 討價還價;預期

In traditional markets, you can usually bargain for the best price. 在傳統市場裡通常能要到最優惠的價格。


merchandise [tmPfXQnugAal] (n) 商品;貨物

Handmade merchandise is very popular nowadays. 手工藝品在時下很流行。

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bankrupt [te@VhqSdf] (a) 破產的;倒閉的

If we continue to make in so little with such high expenditure, we will findourselves bankrupt before we know it. 倘若我們持續入不敷出,我們將會很快破產。

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capital [th@dQfx] (n) 資金;資本

A smart investor will invest his capital to the best advantage. 聰明的投資者會將資金做最有利的投資。

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deduction [gatgShXQn] (n) 扣除;扣除額

Deductionsfrom pay for insurance and pension

從薪水中扣除的保險費和養老金費。

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recession [qatkUXQn] (n) (經濟的) 蕭條;衰退

His factory closed down during the period of economic recession.

他的工廠在經濟衰退時期關閉了。

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expenditure [ahtkdUngafXR] (n) 消費;開銷

My expendituresthis week amount to $100.

這星期我花了一百元錢。


account    [QthANnf]    (n) 戶頭;帳戶;帳單

The accounts show we have spent more than we received.

帳目顯示我們已經入不敷出了。


The U.S. government fiscal year legally endsonSeptember 30.

美國政府會計年度法定為九月三十日結束。

---------------------------------------------------------------

fund [iSng] (n) 基金;專款

They are raising funds for a new laboratory.

他們在募款建一個新的實驗室。

to raise a fund. 籌募基

㊣  Learning Tip

fund 是基金;專款。 了解之後,還有一些相關的商業英文單字需要了解:

fundraising [tiSnguqTlaV] (n) 籌款活

fundraiser [tiSnguqTlR] (n) 資金籌集人;資金籌集活

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foundation [iANntgTXQn] (n) 建立;創辦

They are raising fundsfor a new laboratory.

他們在募款建一個新的實驗室。


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overdue    [tcjRtgsb]       (a) 過期未付的

Due to six overdue credit card payments, we will be unable to process your loan request until you can improve your credit rating.

由於您身上有6筆未付的信用卡款項,除非您的信用度有所改善,否則我們無法

處理您的貸款案。


due to 由於

Her absence wasdue to the storm.

由於風雨交加她沒來。


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stockbroker    [tkfFhueqchR] (n) 證券和股票經紀人

He is a young stockbroker at the New York Stock Exchange.

他是紐約證券交易所的一位年輕的經紀人。

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yield [s`pg] (n)生產量;收益

The current yield on municipal bondsis 10%.

當前市政債券的利潤是百分之十。

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asset [t@kUf] (n) 資產;長處優點;有用的東西

The bank has assets of over five million pounds.

這家銀行有五百萬英鎊以上的資產。


Good health is a great asset.

健康的身體是一筆極大的財富。

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corporation [uhOqdQtqTXQn] (n) 法人;公司

He landed a job in a large American corporation.

他在一家美國大公司謀得一職。

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cutback [thSfue@h] (v) 減少;取消

London Underground saidit may haveto axe 500 signaling jobsbecause of governmentcutbacks in its investment. 因為政府裁減投資金額,倫敦地鐵說他們可能需要解雇500個信號工人。


equity  [tUhrQfa] (n) 抵押資產的淨值;稅金後剩餘的財產價值;

普通股股票;公正;公平


They applied for a home equity loan to send their son to college.

為了送他們的兒子上大學他們申請了以房屋為抵押資產的貸款。


The company awards its employees with equities.

該公司以股票獎勵員工。


They seem to be actuated by the principlesof equity and justice.

看來他們受公平合理的原則所驅使。

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franchise [tiq@nufXAal] (n) 經銷權;加盟權

That fast food businesshasexpanded through the sale of franchises.

該快餐店通過出售聯營經銷權而擴大了生意。

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branch [eq@nfX] (n) 分公司;分店

The bank has branchesall over the country.

該銀行在全國各地均有分行。

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launch (v) 開始;發起;展開

Father and his partner launched into a new business.

父親與他的合夥人開辦了一家新商號。

㊣  Learning Tip

一談起launch這個字,就讓我想到電影「賴家王老 failure to launch

launch是指"起飛""升空"failure則是"失敗"

所謂的 failure to launch  指的是一個人已經到達了可「獨立的年應該離開父母親,可是他卻成天待在家裡,毫無獨立的慾望,這就成failure to launch


monopoly  [mQtnFdxa] (n) 壟斷;獨占;專賣

The explosion of the Russian atomic bomb broke the American monopoly on nuclear weapons.

俄國原子彈的爆炸打破了美國對核武器的壟斷。


The government hasa monopoly of oil production in that country.

在那個國家,政府獨佔石油開採權。


No one could compete with these steel monopolies.

沒有人能和這些鋼鐵壟斷企業競爭。

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bid  [eag] (n) 投標;出價;喊價

The firm decided to bid on the guidance system.

該公司決定投標導航系統。

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export [ahktdcqf] (v) 輸出;出口

We export rice but import wheat.

我們出口稻米,但進口小麥。

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import [amtdcqf] (v) 進口;輸入

We import a lot of carsfrom Japan.

我們從日本大量進口汽車。

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invoice [tanjOak] (n) 發票;發貨清單

For every order,you will need to fill out an invoiceand staple it tothe receipt.

對於每一項訂貨,你都必須填寫發貨單,並把它釘在收據上。


quote [hrcf] (v) 報價

They quoted a very reasonable price for the new car. 他們新車的報價非常的合理。

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tariff  [tf@qai] (n) 關稅

The government is going to lower the tariff on imported cars.

政府打算降低進口汽車的關稅。

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receipt (n) 收據;收條

I paid the bill but he neglected to give me a receipt.

我付了帳單,但他忘了給我收據。

㊣  Learning Tip

注意receipt的發音,字母裡面 p 不發音唷

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voucher (n) 保證人

The money was lent without any voucher. 錢就這樣沒有任何擔保就借出了。

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dealer (n) 商人;業者

Mr. Brown isa dealer in furniture.

布朗先生是個傢俱商。

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due (a) 到期的

The bank loan is due this month.

銀行貸款本月到期。


inventory (n) 清單;存貨;詳細目錄

Before leaving, he made an inventory of everythingthat was to stay. 在離開之前,他詳細列出要留下來的東西。

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patent (n) 專利;專利權

Did you take out a patent on your design?

你是否取得一項設計的專利?


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trademark (n) 註冊商標

Productsbearing famoustrademarks sell well.

標有名牌商標的產品暢銷。

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amendment (n) 修正

Your plan needs some amendment.

你的計劃需要作些修正。

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negotiation [nauvcXatTXQn] (n) 談判;協商

Peace negotiations are still going on.

和談仍在進行。


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fiscal [tiakhx] (a) 財政的;會計的

The U.S. government fiscal year legally endsonSeptember 30.

美國政府會計年度法定為九月三十日結束。


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capacity [hQtd@kQfa] (n) 容量;能力

The theater has a seating capacity of 800. 這個劇場可容納八百名觀眾。


component [hQmtdcnQnf] (n) 成分;零件


A computer consists of thousandsof components.

電腦由成千上萬個部件組成。

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consist [hQntkakf] of 由..構成

Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen.

水由氫和氧組成。

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device [gatjAak] (n) 裝置;設備;設備;儀器

The television receiver isanelectronic device.

電視接收器是一種電子裝置。

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fuel [tisNQp] (n) 燃料

They are trying to find a cleaner fuel for cars.

他們正試圖找一種更乾淨的汽車燃料。

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innovative [tancujTfaj] (a) 創新的;革新的

Your presentation at the seminar yesterday was very innovative. 你昨天在研討會裡的演說非常有創意。

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seminar [tkUmQunFq]   (n) 研討會;討論會

There is a seminar on international businessopportunities thisevening.

今晚有一個關於國際商務機會的專題討論會。

a seminar on environmental protection

關於環境保護問題的討論會


innovation [uanQtjTXQn] (n) 革新;改革;創新

The innovation of air travel during thiscentury has made the world seem smaller.

本世紀空中旅行的革新使世界似乎變小了。

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leading-edge(n) 領先優勢  (a)居領先地位的

Microsoft and Bill Gates will continue to hold the leading-edge in thecomputer software industry. 微軟和比爾蓋茲將持續在電腦軟體工業佔有領先地位。

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portable [tdcqfQex] (a) 可攜帶的;輕便的

He found that little TV extremely portable.

他覺得那臺小小的電視機攜帶極其方便。


I bought my son a portable typewriter.

我給兒子買了一臺手提式打字機。

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raw [qO]     material   [mQtfaqaQp] (n) 原料We export raw material and energy.

我們出口原料及能源。

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satellite  [tk@fxuAaf] (n) 衛星;人造衛星

The space shuttle orbited a communications satellite.

太空梭將一顆通訊衛星送入軌道。

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orbit  [tOqeaf] (n) (天體運行的) 軌道

The satellite was launched into orbit around the moon.

衛星被發射進入繞月球運行的軌道。


automaton [OtfFmQfQn] (n) 機器人;機械裝置

This is a fully functional automaton. 這是一個全自動功能的機器人。

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devise [gatjAal] (v) 設計;發明

He devised a new method of teaching writing.

他設計了一種新的教寫作的方法。

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equipment [athradmQnf] (n) 設備;裝備

(此為不可數名詞,無複數型唷!)

He devised a new method of teaching writing. 他設計了一種新的教寫作的方法。

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facility [iQtkapQfa] (n) 設施;設備;裝備

She had no cooking facilities in the room.

她房間裡沒有燒煮設備。

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gadget [tv@gYaf] (n) 小玩意;小巧的機械裝置

A bottle opener is a kitchen gadget.

開瓶器是廚用小器具。

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hands-on (a) 實地操作的;親身實驗的 This job requires hands-on experience. 這份工作需要實際操作經驗。


maintenance [tmTnfQnQnk] (n) 保養;維修

Who isresponsible for the building's maintenance?

誰負責這座大樓的保養事宜?


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-manual     [tm@nsNQp] (n) 手冊;簡介

You should read the manual before you turn on the new machine.

在開這臺新機器前,應該閱讀使用手冊。

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outage [tANfagY] (n) (水電的) 中斷供應;斷電

You had better save your work in case thereis a power outageand everything gets lost.

你最好先存檔以免斷電什麼都沒了。

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petroleum [dQtfqcpaQm] (n) 石油

This land is rich with petroleum.

這片土地盛產石油。

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solar [tkcpR] (a) 利用太陽光的;依太陽而運行的

a solar engine

太陽能發動機。

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static [tkf@fah] (a) 靜態的;靜止的:固定的

Even with static population, consumption rose steeply.

即便人口保持穩定,消費亦大幅增加。


㊣ Learning Tip:

static 靜態的。

其反義詞是 dynamic [gAatn@mah] (a) 動態的;動力學的;動力

a dynamic verb

動態動詞。


a dynamic load

動力荷載。

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automatically [uOfQtm@fahxa] (adv) 無意識地;自動地

Some doorshave locks which automatically lock the doors when we close them.

有些門上的鎖在關門時會自動把門鎖好。

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digital [tgagYafx] (a) 數位的;數字顯示的

John bought a new digital camera yesterday.

約翰昨天買了一台新的數位相機。


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hacker (n) 電腦駭客

The FBI wasflustered when they realized that the suspect they had wasnot the hacker they were pursuing.

當聯邦調查局發現他們所逮捕到的嫌疑犯並非他們原先在追查的電腦駭客

得很狼狽。


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laptop [tp@dfFd] (n)   膝上型輕便電腦

Laptop issuitable for use on planes.

膝上型電腦適合飛機上使用。


retrieval [qatfq`jx] (n) 取回;恢復

When a problem this seriousoccurs with the computer, oftentimes retrieval of lost work is impossible. 當電腦發生這麼嚴重的問題時,通常要取回已經遺失的資料是不可能的。

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shot [XFf] down (n) 停工  (v) 電腦關機

The whole company shuts down for 3 weeks' summer holiday.

全公司在夏天都停工放假三星期。

Please shot down the computer immediately. 請馬上把電腦關掉。

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up-to-date (a) 最近的;最新的

an up-to-date report

有關最新情況的報告。

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browse (v) 瀏覽;翻閱

I had a browse through the booksonher shelf.

我瀏覽了一下她書架上的書。

㊣  Learning Tip

browse 這個單字乍看之下沒什麼特別,但是若它與through 一起使用,那你就 不得不注意嚕!

browse through 翻閱瀏覽;隨便翻

I browsed through some magazines while I waited.

我邊等邊瀏覽幾本雜誌。

browse through = leaf [p`i] through 隨便翻

Mary is browsing through themagazine in the coffee house.


Mary is leafing through themagazine in the coffee house. 瑪莉正在在咖啡廳翻閱瀏覽著雜誌。

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database [tgTfQueTk] (n) 資料庫

database management system

資料庫管理系統

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desktop [tgUkhfFd] (n) 桌上型電腦

The systems are packaged in three basic models: desktop, deskside and rack-mount.

該系統有三種機型:桌上型、桌邊型和架上型。

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floppy [tipFda] (n) (軟)磁碟片

The computer wont start up because thereis a floppy disk in the drive, not because of any internalproblems. 這電腦無法開始運作是因為有一片磁碟在驅動氣而不是因為內部任何問

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internal [antfPnx]    (a) 內部的;本質的;固有的;體內的

I talked to him on the internal telephone.

我在內部電話上與他交談。


The driver received internal injuriesinthe accident.

司機在事故中受了內傷。

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external  [ahtkfPnQp] (a) 外面的;外部的;外界的;外用的;外國的

They did it in response to external pressures.

他們這麼做是迫於外界的壓力。


This medicine isfor external use only.

這種藥僅限於外用。


Our external trade hasexpanded during recent years.

我國的對外貿易近幾年來有所發展。

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install [antkfOp] (v) 安置;安裝

He's going to install an air-conditioner in the house.

他要在這屋子裡裝冷氣機。

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omit [ctmaf] (v) 遺漏;省略;刪去

The typist omitted the last line of the letter.

打字員遺漏了信的最後一行字。


This part of the book may be omitted.

書的這一部分可以省略。

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upgrade [tSdtvqTg] (v) 升級;提升

Efforts to upgrade the schoolsmust come from the community.

改進學校的努力必須來自該社區。

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confidential [uhFniQtgUnXQp] (a) 秘密的;機密的

confidential information

機密情報

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correspondence [uhOqQtkdFngQnk] (n) 符合;一致;通信聯繫

Your account of the accident haslittle correspondence with the story the other driver told.

你描述的事故情況與另一位司機講的不怎麼相符。


I had kept up a correspondence with him until the war broke out.

在戰爭爆發之前我一直與他保持通信聯繫。

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correspond [uhOqatkdFng] (v) 符合;一致

I assure you my actionswill correspond with my words.

我向你保證,我將言行一致。

㊣  Learning Tip

通常correspond這個字解釋成『符合,一致』時,常與 to 並用。

correspond to 與..符

What you say do not correspond to what you do.

你言行不一。 (說的跟做的不一樣)

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elaborate [atp@eQqaf] (a) 詳盡的;精心製作的

They made elaborate costumes for the play.

他們為這齣戲精心製作戲裝。

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jot  [gYFf] down (v) 匆匆記下;約略記下

I jotted down a note for him.

我草草寫了一張便條給他。


leaflet [tp`ipaf] (n) 傳單;印刷品

This leaflet contains your operating instructions.

這份單頁材料印有你應知道的操作說明。

㊣  Learning Tip

另外一個很常用的單字叫做 flyer [tipAaR]也是傳單的意思,但特別是只廣告的傳單,常常出現在TOEIC的考試裡面!

還有呀!說到flyer 這個字,在這裡就順便題一下另外一跟它很像的字 叫做:fly 「拉鍊;褲子的拉鍊

fly不是只的意思嗎? Birds can fly.鳥會飛。 怎會會還有拉鍊的意思呢?

讓我們來造個句子吧:

Your fly is open.    =    Your fly is down.

(褲子)的拉鍊沒拉上。

上面兩句意思都一樣。只褲子拉鍊沒拉上,石門水庫打開了!

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notify [tncfQuiAa] (v) 報告;通知;告知

She notified us that she would accept the position.

她通知我們,她願意接受這份工作。


He notified the police of the incident.

他向警察報告了這個事件。


Please notify us of when you may come here.

請通知我們你何時能來這裡。

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slogan (n) 口號;標語

"Safety first" isour slogan. "安全第一"是我們的口號。

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regional (a) 地區的;區域性的

Most regional committees meet four timesa year.

大部分地區委員會每年開會四次。

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inhabitant (n) (某地區的)居住者;居民

The inhabitants of the island were friendly.

島上的居民十分友好。

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agriculture (a) 農業的

There is a great demand for agricultural machinery in thiscountry.

這個國家十分需要農用機器。

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bail [eTp] (v) 脫困;逃跑  (n)保釋金

He paid 5,000 dollars in bail for hisson.

他繳了五千元保釋出他兒子。

Dont bail me out now!We still have two more chapters to study! 不要就降子丟下我押!我還有兩個章節要唸勒!

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farewell [tiUqtrUp] (int.) 再會;再見Farewell!! I will call you when I get there.

再見拉~ 我到那裡會再打電話給你的。


㊣  Learning Tip

再見除了goodbye、farewell;還有一個字也要學唷!

so long (這個字跟長度一點關係都沒有阿!)

"So long, my dear friends," said Maria with tears in her eyes."再見,我親愛的朋友們,"瑪麗亞含著眼淚說。

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barf [eFqi] (v) 嘔吐

Someone barfed in the living room last night. 昨天晚上有人在客廳嘔吐。

㊣  Learning Tip

嘔吐除了barf以外,還有:

puke [dsbh]     (v) vomit [tjFmaf]      (v)

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java (n)咖啡

I like to have a hot cup of java every morning. 我每天早上喜歡來杯熱呼呼的咖啡。

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annual (a) 每年的;一年一次的

Employees are entitled to an annual paid leave of fifteen days.

職員一年可享受十五天帶薪的假期。

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abuse     [Qtesbl] (v) 濫用;傷害;辱罵

Those captives were physically abused.

那些俘虜遭受了肉體上的摧殘。


victim [tjahfam] (n) 犧牲者;受害者

The victims of the explosion were buried last week.

爆炸事故的罹難者於上週舉行了葬禮。


They are the victimsof the civil war.

他們是內戰的受害者。

㊣  Learning Tip

victim of ..意思是「成為的受害者

(這是固定用法,victim 的後面介係詞要用 of!) 千萬要記起來,不要自己隨便換介係詞唷!!

She became the victimof this terrible car accident. 她成為這起嚴重車禍的受害者。

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charter [tfXFqfR] (v) 包租(汽車等..)

They chartered a busfor the trip.

為這次旅行他們租了一部公車。

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deal  [g`p] (n) 交易

It was probably the best business deal I ever did.

那也許是我曾經做過的最好的一筆生意。

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book [eNh] (v) 預定;預約

Mary has booked a flight from New York to London.

瑪麗已預訂了從紐約到倫敦的飛機票。

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layout  [tpTuANf] (n) 安排;設計;佈局

Their house hasa good layout.

他們的房子設計得很好。


embassy  [tUmeQka] (n) 大使館

They went to a reception at the American Embassy in Moscow.

他們去參加了莫斯科的美國大使館的招待會。

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ambassador [@mte@kQgR] (n) 大使;使節

He was appointed ambassador to France.

他被任命為駐法國大使。

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escort [tUkhOqf] (v) 護送;陪同;護衛

The prisonerswere taken to another jail under escort.

囚犯們被護送到另一個監獄。

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Stats  [kf@fk] (abbr.) = statistics  [kfQtfakfahk] (n) 統計資料 Many football fans memorize the stats of their favorite players.

很多族球迷會熟記他們所喜愛的球員成績紀錄。

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discrimination  [gaukhqamQtnTXQn] (n) 歧視;不公平待遇Discrimination based on race is illegal for employers in the United

States.

在美國,雇主因為種族而有歧視是不合法的。

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expertise [uUhkdRtf`l] (n) 專業的知識;專家判斷

Her expertise in art helped her get the job as curator. 他在藝術方面的專長幫助他得到館長一職。


consignment [hQntkAanmQnf] (n) 託運;委託物

Some smaller stores will sell your merchandiseon consignment.

某些小商家會接受商品寄賣。


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substitute [tkSekfQufsbf] (v) 替代;取代

I asked Bill to substitute Parisfor Rome asour last destination.

我請比爾把終點站從羅馬改成巴黎。

㊣  Learning Tip

substitute 是指「替代」的意思!那麼「substitute teacher」呢?

substitute teacher 代課老師

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notation[nctfTXQn] (n) 批註;紀錄

The director ignored the authorsnotation.

導演沒有採用原者的批註。


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magnify [tm@vnQuiAa] (v) 擴大;放大

Taking alcohol with some medication may magnify itseffects.

佐酒服用某些藥物可能會加重其藥效。


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inaugurate [antOvsQuqTf] (v) 開啟;啟用;就職

After it wasinaugurated in the late nineties, Google became the worldsmost famoussearch engine.

Google 1990 年代後期啟用後成為世上最知名的搜尋引擎。


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assemble     [QtkUmex] (v) 招集;聚集

Employeeswill assemble in the cafeteria for an announcement.

員工會聚集在餐廳裡面等後宣布事項。


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domination [ugFmQtnTXQn] (n) 支配;統治

Disney enjoys domination in the field of family entertainment.

迪士尼在家庭娛樂界裡享有主導權。


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selling point 賣點

The major selling point of scootersis their fuel economy.

機車主要的賣點就是省油。


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incentive [antkUnfaj] (n)   獎勵:激勵;促銷

There are no incentives for employeestowork harder.

這裡並沒有任何獎勵制度激勵員工更努力工作。


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cap    [h@d] (n)   (經費等的)最高限度

Many argue that companies should put a cap on earnings by CEOs.

許多人主張公司應為執行長的收入定上限。


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inform     [antiOqm] (v)   通知;告知

I informed hiswife of hissafe arrival.

我通知他太太他已平安抵達。


He informed her he wasthinking of entering medical school.

他告訴她他想進醫學院。


enclose  [anthpcl] (v) 裝入;放入封套

A check is enclosed herewith.

隨信附寄支票一張。

-------------------------------------------------------------------

draft  [gq@if] (n) 草稿;匯票

He went to the bank to cash a draft.

他去銀行兌現一張匯票。


He had painfully written out a first draft.

他辛苦寫出了首稿。

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issue  [taXsN] (n) (報刊的)一期;(n)發行;發布

The post office issued the stampslast week.

上星期郵局發行了這些郵票。

---------------------------------------------------------------------

regarding  [qatvFqgaV] (prep) 有關於;關於;就..而論

He knew nothing regarding the case.

關於這個案子他一無所知。

㊣  Learning Tip

regard 這個字無論是當動詞或是名詞都有非常非常多的意思。 在這裡我不想多做贅述,大家只要查字典就可以了解了!

是,在這裡我要和大家分享 regard 最最重要的用法,無論是多益或是 全民應檢的考題;無論是徐薇或是賴世雄的英文名師,都有致一同說它最重要

拉!

regard as 把..視

I regard him asmybrother.

我把他當作兄弟。


Do you regard me asyour best friend? 你認為我是你最好的朋友嗎?

wordimg3.gifregard A as B  = view A as be A 視為 B

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proofread [tdqbiuq`g] (v) 校對;校正

Before you hand in your next paper, please proofread it first. 在繳交你下一份報告之前請先校對一下。

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signature [tkavnQfXR] (n) 簽名;簽字

We need your signature here on this dotted line. 我們需要您在虛線上簽名。

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stationery [tkfTXQnuUqa] (n) 文具;信紙

Don't send the order yet, there isa liberal supply of stationery.

現在還不要寄訂單,因為尚有很多文具。


stationery and envelopes

信紙信封。

---------------------------------------------------------------------

accommodation [QuhFmQtgTXQn] (n) 適應;住所;膳宿

We hope that you can enjoy your stay and the accommodations e have prepared foryou.

我們希望您停留期間愉快,對我們所提供給您的膳食住宿服務感到滿意。


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boarding pass [tecqgaV] (n) 登機證

I cant get on the airplane without my boarding pass.

沒有登機證我就無法上飛機。


passport    [td@kudcqf] (n) 護照

A person who travelsabroad must carry a passport.

出國旅行要攜帶護照。

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brochure [eqctXNq] (n) 小冊子

a brochure on vacations abroad

國外度假指南冊。


an advertising brochure

廣告冊子。

---------------------------------------------------------------------

agency  [tTgYQnka] (n)代辦處;代理機構

Our company hasagenciesinmajor cities of the country.

我們公司在國內主要城市都設有代理機構。

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checkout [tfXUhuAbf] (n) 結帳退房時間;check out

(v) 結帳離開;辦理退房

Why dont you run downstairs and check out while I pack, so that we canget out of here as fast as possible? 你為何不在我打包行李時下樓辦退房,這樣我們就可以盡早離開。

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confirmation [uhFniRtmTXQn] (n) 確認;確證;批准

I think I can come next Tuesday, but I will send you a confirmation by post.

我想下星期二可以來,不過我會寫信把肯定的答覆告訴你。


Evidence in confirmation of hisstatements islacking.

缺少可資證實他所言的證據。


departure [uhFniRtmTXQn] (n) 離開;啟程;出發

The plane'sdeparture was on schedule.

飛機準時起飛。

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flight [ipAaf] (n) 航班;飛行;航程

My departure flight to Los Angelesleavesnext Friday at 8:30 in the morning.

我到洛杉磯的班機將在下星期五早上830 起飛。


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sightseeing [tkAafuk`aV] (n) 觀光;遊覽

Some people like to lie on the beach, but I prefer sightseeing.

有些人喜歡躺在海灘上,而我則寧願去遊覽觀光。

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valid [tj@pag] (a) 有效的;依法有效的

a valid contract

具有法律效力的合同


The ticket is valid for one month.

這票子一個月內有效。

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destination     [ugUkfQtnTXQn] (n) 目的地

We reached our destination, tired and hungry.

到達目的地時,我們又累又餓。

---------------------------------------------------------------------

fasten [ti@kz] (v) 繫緊;扣住

Please fasten your seat belt.

請繫上安全帶。


flight [ipAaf]   attendant    [QtfUngQnf] (n)   空服員

If you really are uncomfortable, tell the flight attendant, flight attendant; maybe she will help you find another seat.

如果你真的很不舒服,告訴空服員,也許他能幫你找另一個位置。


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jet [gYUf]   lag[p@v] (n) 時差

(長途高速飛行後的生理節奏失調和疲乏煩躁感)


The trip from the United StatestoSouth America is always the hardest for me becauseof the time in the air and the jet lag.

從美國到南非的航程對我來說總是最困難因為飛行時間太長並且會有時差的

問題。

㊣  Learning Tip

jet lag VS. time differences

所謂的 jet lag 是指『長途高速飛行後的生理節奏失調和疲乏煩躁感』 但是 time difference 是指 「between places of different time zones 兩種是不一樣的!

例如:

1.今天小明從美國飛到台灣,在台灣日夜顛倒「時差」調不過來 jetlag

2. 假設現在台灣時間是晚上 8 點整,但是在美國時間則是下午 1 點,兩地時間 不同,這種時差就叫做 time differences

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luggage     [tpSvagY] (n) 行李

They had left the luggage at the station.

他們將行李留在車站。

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overseas [tcjRtk`l] (ad) 國外的;海外的

an overseasmarket

國外市場


mortgage [tmOqvagY] (n) 房貸;抵押;借款

The bank refused to accept any mortgage on land.

銀行拒絕接受任何土地抵押。


He has paid off the mortgage.

他已歸還抵押借款。

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take out a (amount) mortgage 申請(金額)房貸

The family had to take out a 30,000 mortgage to pay theirsons tuition for a year.

這家人把房子抵押申請三萬元以支付兒子一年的學費。

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pay off (ones) mortgage 償清(某人的)房貸

For us to ell our house, we have to pay off our mortgage first. 我們要把房子賣掉前得先還清貸款才行。

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meet (ones) mortgage payment 負擔 (某人的) 房貸

We cant afford to spend a month in Europe and meet our mortgagepayments, too. mortgage

我們無法負擔歐洲旅遊一個月又同時付得出房貸。

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mortgage (v) 以..作為抵押

Inorder to pay for the cabin by the lake,well have to mortgage our home.

爲了屋      ,我們必須把房子抵押出去。


installment [antkfOpmQnf] (n) 分期付款

We paid for the TV set in installments of 100 dollarsa month for five months.

我們用分期付款方法付電視機款,每月付一百元,分五個月付清。

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initial[atnaXQp] installment (n) 頭期款

The bank often requires an initial installment of ten to twenty percent of the homes purchase price.

銀行大都要求以房屋成交價的百分之 10 20 當作頭期款。

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down payment[tdTmQnf] (n) 頭期款

Do you know how much of a down payment is usually necessary to get amortgage loan?

你知道申請房貸通常需準備多少頭期款嗎?

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vacant [tjThQnf] (a) 空著的;未被佔用的

A vacant apartment in New York City is very difficult to find.

在紐約市內很難找到空著無人住的公寓。

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voyage [tjOaagY] (n) 航程;航行

The voyage from America to France used to take two months.

從美國到法國的航行過去要花二個月時間。

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arrival [QtqAajx] (n) 到達;抵達

arrival at a conclusion

結論的得出


We waited for the arrival of our guests.

我們等著客人的到來。

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forbid  [iRteag] (v) 禁止

The new law forbidssmoking in offices.

新法律禁止在辦公室抽煙。


Their father forbade them to go.

他們的父親禁止他們去。

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cargo  [thFqvc] (n) (船貨飛機載運的)貨物

The ship can carry a cargo of 1,000 tons.

這船能載一千噸貨物。

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vehicle [tj`ahx] (n) 交通工具;車輛

The launch vehicle liftsthe satellite into orbit.

太空火箭將人造衛星送入運行軌道

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aviation [uTjatTXQn] (n)  飛行;航空學

Aviation experts saythat a seagullcaught in theengine caused theplane crash.

航空專家指出是因為一之海鷗被卡在引擎裡面所以才造成飛機失事。

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crash landing (n) 飛機迫降

They pilot was highly commended for having handled the crash landingsuccessfully.

這個機長因為成功的使飛機迫降,而得到高度讚賞。


commend  [hQtmUng] (v) 讚賞;推薦;把..委託給

The general commended the soldier for hisbravery.

將軍表揚了那個士兵的勇敢行為。


I should like to commend thismethod to you.

我想向您推薦這一方法。


They commended their child to my care.

他們把孩子委託給我照顧。

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commuter [hQtmsbfR] (n) 通勤者

I knew a commuter who rode in town on the first train every morning.

我認識一個每天都乘頭班火車進城的通勤者。

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ferry [tiUqa] (n) 渡輪

They waited for the ferry to return.

他們等候渡船返回。

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freight [iqTf] (n) 貨運;貨物

The ship isloading freight.

船正在裝貨。

Learning Tip

補充關於 freight 的商業單字:

1.  freight company 貨運公

2.  freight forwarding貨運承


pedestrian [dQtgUkfqaQn] (n) 行人的;徒步的

We enjoy all pedestrian activities.

我們喜歡所有的步行活動。

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via [tjAaQ] (v) 經由;藉由

They flow to New York via Tokyo.

牠們經東京飛到紐約。


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bazaar [eQtlFq] (n) (中東國家等的)市場;商店街

The citys bazaar was crowded with thieves, who harmed salesand tourism for many years.

城市裡的市集有很多小偷,多年來除了破壞生意也傷害了觀光業。


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discount [tgakhANnf](n) 折扣 (注意當名詞使用時,重音在 第一音節) We give a special discount of 10 per cent for cash.

如用現金購買,我們給予九折優待。

They offer our company a substantial discount. 他們提供給我們公司相當大的折扣。

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substantial (a) 多的;大的;大量的;豐盛的


I had a substantial meal.

我飽餐了一頓。

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refund [qatiSng] (v) 退錢;歸還;償還

If the shoes do not wear well the shop will refund the money.

如果鞋不經穿,商店將退還你錢。

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refund [tqauiSng] (n) 退錢;歸還;償還

(注意當名詞使用時,重音 第一音節!動詞重音才是在第二音節!)

She took the faulty radio back to the shop and demanded a refund.

她將有毛病的收音機拿回商店去要求退款。

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refund (n) 退錢;償還金額

She took the faulty radio back to the shop and demanded a refund.

她將有毛病的收音機拿回商店去要求退款。

Learning Tip

看到了沒 demand a refund 是指「要求退款

demand [gatm@ng] 除了有「需求 (n)」的意思外,還有「要求 (v)」 的意思!

1.  demand (n)

The supply of vegetables fallsshort of demand this year.

今年蔬菜供不應求。

2.  demand (v)

The boss demanded that Mary (should) finish it within a week.

老板要求瑪麗在一週內完成它。


They demanded the right to vote.

他們要求選舉權。


She demanded to see the headmaster.

她請求見校長。

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expire  [ahtkdAaq] (v) 到期;屆滿;期限終止

My lease will expire on September 30th of this year.

我的租約今年九月三十日到期。

Learning Tip

l   expire 的名詞是 expiration (n) 終結;期滿

   那麼,商品的保存期限英文應該怎麼說呢?

    答案是:expiration date 到期日,截止

下次買東西的時候,仔細看看商品上面的英文,就可以依目了然嚕!


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itemize     [tAafQmuAal] (v) 詳細列舉;分條列舉

You have to itemize and make an inventory of everything in the store.

你必須把店裡的每一件東西逐項細列製成清單。

Learning Tip

itemize 词  ;那麼它的名詞是什麼呢?

它的名詞就是 item (n) 項目。 來造個例句ㄅ ^^

She checked the itemsinthe bill.

她檢查了帳單上的帳目。

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inventory [tanjQnufcqa] (n) 存貨清單;財產目錄

The store was closed for inventory all week.

那家商店因盤貨暫停營業一星期。

make an inventory

開清單。


request  [qathrUkf] (v) 要求;請求

Mr. Paine made a request that I should help him.

佩恩先生要求我幫助他。

It is my last request. I shall never ask you anything again.

這是我最後的請求。我再也不會向你提任何要求。

㊣  Learning Tip

說到 request 這個字,就讓我想到 ICRT 裡面的點播歌曲節目,我第一次學到這個字的用法,就是在聽 ICRT 時學到的唷!

* 「我要點一首歌」這句話英文怎麼說呢?

    Id like to request a song.

看吧!其實 TOEIC 的英文也能夠和生活英語息息相關呢!


牛刀小

商用英語閱讀測

Bank of Japan HeadCaught Up in Scandal

日銀總裁涉內線交


A)  Heads rolled with the recent arrest of Yoshiaki Murakami over insider trading. Murakamis high-profile fall from fund manager brought down his investment fund but also investors, colleagues, and nearly the head of the Bank of Japan, Toshihiko Fukui.


B)   Trying to control criticism, Fukui admitted to investing 10 millionyen in a fund run by Murakami, but noted it wasmade prior to being appointed head of the central bank. However, opposition leaders called for the governors resignation, even though it does not seem his investment violated any ethical rules.


C)   Fukui is now trying to focus on when the central bank might raise interest rates rather than the scandal. Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi hassaid he hasnoplans to replace the governor, one of the Japans most respected bankers.

A)     村上世彰最近因為內線交易被多人因而連帶收到波及。這起廣受矚 目的基金經理人被逮捕案件不但多垮其投資基金,也連累了投資人、同 甚至是日本銀Bank of Japan總裁井俊Toshihiko Fukui都 差點遭到池魚之殃。

B 為了平抑批評聲福井俊彥承認曾投資村上基金一千萬日圓,但強調 那是在他獲認為央行總裁之前。然而,即便井俊彥的投資似乎並未違反任何道德規範,反對黨領袖仍要求他辭職下台。

C 福井目前設法將焦點放在央行何時可能升非在該起醜聞上。首相小 泉純一Junichiro Koizumi表示並不打算換這位日本最受敬重的銀行 家總裁。


單字:

1 insider trading 內線交易

2  high-profile 受矚目的;高知名度的

3  bring down 使倒下;使失敗

4  resignation 辭職

5  scandal 醜聞

片語

wordimg3.gif (be) caught up in 受到牽連

(be) caught in     VS. (be) involved in

(be) caught in

(be) involved in

因某事被牽連,但無法確定實際上是否

參與 /   違法並涉入其中。

涉入某事(案件,實際參與 /  違法的

可能性高。

The team wascaught up in the gambling scandal.

該團隊因賭博醜聞案而受到牽連。


The baseball player wasinvolved in the gambling scandal.

該名棒球選手涉入賭博醜聞案。

wordimg3.gif heads roll 收到處罰;丟掉工作

字面「人頭落地引申只有人將因過受懲處,尤其指離開現任的工作或職

Heads are going toroll for all the mistakes that have happened recently.

將有人為近來所發生的一切疏失下台負責。


簡易實用辦公室對話

Boss:John, could you please make 10 copies of this for me? 約翰,可以情你把這個印10份給我嗎?

John:Sure, Boss!

當然,老闆!

Boss:Oh, I want them to be double-sided.

喔,我想要把它們影印成雙面的。

John:And stapled?

然後裝訂起來嗎?

Boss:Yes, you read my mind.

是的,你真了解我。

John:Ill have themdone ASAP. 我會馬上把它完成的。

BossTake your time.Its for the meeting tomorrowafternoon. 不用急,慢慢來。是明天下午會議要用的。

John:Ill leave themon your desk when Im done. 做好了我會把它放在你桌上的。


單字

1  double-sided 雙面的

2  stapled 用訂書針訂起來的

3  you read my mind 你真懂我

4  ASAP = as soon as possible 越快越好 5 take your time 慢慢來;不用急


TOEIC 80

1.Men often wait longer to get help for medical problems than women, and

        , women live about six yearslonger than men.

(a)   instead of

(b)   constantly

(c)   consequently

(d)  because


2.          


she manages three companies, Sara still has time to coach her


sons soccer team.

(a)   Because of

(b)   Weather

(c)   Often

(d)  Although


3. Tom played basketball in college and            active ever since.

(a)   have extremely been

(b)   has been extremely

(c)   will be extremely

(d)  should extremely be


4.The guests at my fantasy dinner party             Abraham Lincoln, MarcoPolo, St. Peter, and Socrates.

(a)   will be included

(b)   should have invited

(c)   would include

(d)  are including


5.When I            your friend Jamie this Sunday, I will certainly give himyour message.

(a)   have seen

(b)   will see

(c)   see

(d)  sees

6.  All of the international dignitaries attending the conference           to


bring a souvenir from their country.

(a)   has asked

(b)   asking

(c)   were asked

(d)  was asking


7.My grandmother has been going to a better dentist, so this         problems she is having with her dentures.

(a)   wont eliminate

(b)   will be elimination

(c)   should have been eliminated

(d)  should help eliminate


the



8.After my Aunt Sheila turned 65, she         going to the ballet and the opera.

(a)   decided

(b)   will decide

(c)   have decided

(d)  will be deciding


to celebrate life more by



9.  Our new firm  


for a credible, aggressive individual with  great


communication skillstofill this position.

(a)   have looked

(b)   are looking

(c)   is looking

(d)  look


10. I didnt know           of my hair he was going to cut.

(a)   how

(b)   how small

(c)   how many

(d)  how much


11.  If you want to do well on the exam, you           on the directions that theprofessor givesand take exact notes.

(a)   will have concentrated

(b)   have to concentrate

(c)   will be concentrated


(d)  will be concentrating


12.          


the heavy pollution, the city officials have decided to cancel


school for the day.

(a)   Prior

(b)   By meansof

(c)   Due to

(d)  Though


13.  Unless there is a blizzard tonight, the snow            deep enough for the skiing competition tomorrow.

(a)   wont be

(b)   wont have

(c)   wouldnt have had

(d)  isnt


14.  Terrys mother kept